Melissa Kaplan's
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Last updated January 1, 2014

Chaco Tortoise Systemics and Bibliography

Compiled by Melissa Kaplan


From the (TIGR) Reptile Database: Testudinidae: Geochelone chilensis

Species: Geochelone chilensis

1870 Testudo (Gopher) chilensis GRAY 1870
1870 Testudo argentina SCLATER 1870 (nomen subst. pro T. chilensis GRAY)
1952 Testudo (Chelonoidis) chilensis - WILLIAMS 1952
1961 Testudo chilensis - WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961
1967 Geochelone chilensis - PRITCHARD 1967
1973 Geochelone petersi FREIBERG 1973 (fide WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 77)1986
Chelonoidis chilensis - IVERSON 1986
1989 Geochelone chilensis - ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
1993 Chelonoidis chilensis - CEI 1993

Geochelone chilensis chilensis (GRAY 1870)
Geochelone chilensis donosobarrosi
Geochelone chilensis petersi FREIBERG 1973

Family: Testudinidae, Testudines (turtles)

Distribution: SW-Bolivia, W-Paraguay, NW-Argentina (southward to about 40° S in N-Patagonia)

Terra typica: Mendoza, "Chile", Argentina

Comment: 2 Syntypes: BMNH 1947.3.5.8 and 1947.3.5.9 (both formerly BMNH

Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. (1989). Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
Gray. 1870. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 6 (4): 190


Zoo Holdings
From the International Species Information System (ISIS) Abstracts:
Chaco tortoise Geochelone chilensis (Select Reptilia, then G)
Argentine tortoise Geochelone chilensis chilensis (Select Reptilia, then G)



Caccone A, Gibbs JP, Ketmaier V, Suatoni E, and Powell, JR. 1999. Origin and evolutionary relationships of giant Galápagos tortoises. Proc Natl Acad Sci 1999 November 9; (23):13223-13228.

Ernst, CH, Lovich JE and Barbour, RW. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London

Gray, JE. 1870. Notice of a new Chilean tortoise (Testudo chilensis). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. London. (4)6:190-191.

Kaplan, M. and Berke, T. 1995. Chaco Tortoises. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine, March/April 1996, 118-120.

Rottman, J. [unk]. Captive breeding of the Chaco tortoise (Testudo chilensis). Translation.

Wermuth, H. 1967. Care and Maintenance of Chaco Tortoises. Translation.

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