Melissa Kaplan's
Herp Care Collection
Last updated January 1, 2014

Citing Online Sources

Melissa Kaplan, 1997


Content-rich websites are becoming increasingly common. Information found in sites such as mine are being used by various individuals as part of their research for school papers and other writing projects. I have been asked on several occasions how such references should be cited. The recent updates to style manuals each have their own formats for these citations. I have to use the Publication of the American Psychological Association (APA, fourth edition) for my thesis. Their style for on-line sources is as follows for general access sites such as ftp or websites (note that the title of the work should be underlined - this may not be reflected by your web browser):

Author, I. (date) Title of full work. [On-line]. Available: specify path.

A path example:


The entry in a report, then, for the above example, would be:

Kaplan, M. (1995) Urban Rattlers [On-line]. Available:

If there are two authors, the format would be similar:

Berke, T. & Kaplan, M. (1996) Chaco Tortoises [On-line]. Available:

If you will be reprinting an article from a website in a herp society newsletter, please be sure to provide the following:

  • Article Title

  • Author Name
  • Author Email Address (if any)
  • Original Publication Citation (if any)
  • Web address where article was reprinted from

For example:

Ulcerative Stomatitis (Mouthrot) in Reptiles
Melissa Kaplan and Robert Jereb DVM
Journal of Wildlife Rehabilitation 18(2):13

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