Melissa Kaplan's
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Last updated January 1, 2014

Salmonella Citations in the Veterinary and Medical Literature

Compiled by Melissa Kaplan, 1996


These are citations only; there are a few abstracts. If you are pregnant, or thinking about getting pregnant, or have an infant or toddler at home, please consider printing out this document and discussing it with your obstetrician, pediatrician, or family practitioner. They should be willing to get copies of these articles for you to read to aid in your discussions and decision making. If you live near a university with a medical school or veterinary school, you may go into their libraries and read or make copies of these articles while you are there. You can also contact your regional medical library to find out how to get copies of the articles you are interested in.

Thanks to Dr. Akiko Kimura of the CDC's Food Borne Disease division for sending me this information.

An epidemic of resistant Salmonella in a nursery. Animal-to-human spread.
Lyons RW, Samples CL, DeSilva HN, Ross KA, Julian EM, Checko PJ. Journal Amer Med Assoc, 243(6):546-7, Feb 8, 1980. A Salmonella heidelberg epidemic in a hospital nursery was traced to infected calves on a dairy farm where the mother of the index patient lived. The Salmonella isolates from all cases were resistant to chloramphenicol, sulfamethoxazole, and tetracycline. Verification of the spread of infection from the farm animals to a hospital population is unusual and raises questions about the hazards of antibiotic animal-feed preparations that may induce infection with resistant organisms in humans.


Septic abortion caused by Salmonella heidelberg in a white-handed gibbon.
Thurman JD, Morton RJ, Stair EL. Journal of the Amer Vet Med Assoc, 183(11):1325-6, Dec 1, 1983.


Salmonella D enteritis in the newborn: a maternal infant case study.
Lauderman TA, Hill OM. West Virginia Medical Journal, 87(6):249-50, June 1991. Abstract: This is a case of a 31-year-old pregnant female who had diarrhea one week prior to delivery and was later diagnosed as having Salmonella D. This report also discusses the physical changes in the neonate within 48 hours post delivery and medical treatment for Salmonella D.


Salmonella sepsis and second-trimester pregnancy loss.
Scialli AR, Rarick TL. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 79(5 [Part 2])820-1, May 1992. Salmonella can produce bacteremia and disseminated disease, including infection of the intrauterine contents and fetal death. Published experience with salmonella infection in pregnancy has involved typhoid; however, nontyphoid gastroenteritis may also produce sepsis and fetal loss. We present a case of second-trimester fetal death associated with group C1 salmonella sepsis. The literature suggests that early diagnosis and treatment of salmonella infection during gestation is associated with a good pregnancy outcome. We recommend that pregnant women with diarrheal illnesses be evaluating by stool culture for salmonella infection.


[Screening for Salmonella in pregnancy.]
Divisione de Ostetricia e Ginecologia, Ospedale Misericordia e Dolce, Prato. Citernesi A, Spinelli G, Piazzesi G, Innocenti S, Curiel P. [Italian; abstract in English]. Minerva Ginecologia, 46(12):681-6. Dec 1994. National and Regional Health Authorities advise a stool culture in pregnant women before term in order to detect Salmonella carriers, prevent the spread of this microorganism to the newborn, and avoid outbreaks of this infection in nurseries. The Tuscany section of the Italian Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists decided to test the usefulness of this Salmonella screening. In 7431 pregnant women at the 36th week a stool sample was examined for the presense of Salmonella. The occurance of diarrhoea in these women was also investigated. The prevalence of Salmonella excretors in our obstetric population was 0.27%. Thirty per cent of the positive women complained of diarrhoea; that mans that the risk of being positive in the presence of this symptom is 11.8 times larger. No nursery outbreak occured during the period studied. The Salmonella-carrying monther can not take advantage of an effective antimicrobial therapy and a single stool sample allows the detection of only part of the carriers. Therefore screening cannot prevent the possibility of transmission during birth. The unfavorable ratio between costs and benefits suggests that stool culture for Salmonella may be useful only in late Summer and fall and in symptomatic women. In order to obtain better results in the prevention of infections among newborns the observance of careful hygienic rules in the delivery room and in nurseries is mandatory.


Night of the Iguana. Lipsky MS. Journal of Family Practice, 40(3):229, March 1995.


Iguana-associated salmonellosis in children. Dalton C, Hoffman R, Pape J. Pediatric Infec Dis Journal, 14(4):319-20, April 1995.

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