pores found on the inside of the thighs of males and females. Males
have larger pores than females. The plugs in the male iguana's pores
grow during breeding season and are used to scent mark their territory.
Females do some scent marking but not as extensively as males. Chemicals
in the waxy plugs can be used to tell if the iguana who left the mark
was male or female
fibrous tissue formation as a result of injury, infection; calcium
deficiency causes fibrosis of the long bones of the body.
enlarging ova in ovaries, prior to fertilization.
under ground or beneath vegetation
opening at the back of the tongue leading into the trachea (wind pipe)
mass caused by a chronic inflammatory or infectious condition.
Used when referring to viviparous, oviparous and ovoviviparous animals.
Basks in the heat
of the sun (or other overhead bright heat source). Commonly found
in arboreal and semiarboreal iguanids and agamids, chameleonids,
etc. Aquatic and semiaquatic turtles also bask. Snakes use a combination
of heliothermic and thigmothermic
bi-lobed male reproductive organs in most reptiles, kept inverted
in the tail until needed.
See Lyse (Lysis)
eaters. Includes fructivores (fruit eaters) and folivores (leaf eaters)
study of reptiles and amphibians. From the Greek word herpeton,
"things that creep and crawl on their bellies". The herpesvirus
is based on the same Greek root, named for the viruses creeping along
the nerves in the body.
reptile or amphibian. "Herpers" is the term used to refer
to people who are interested in or who keep herps. Herpetoculture
refers to the keeping and breeding of herps.
known as the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. Used to describe the die-off
effect of many antibiotics, paraciticides, and antifungals. When the
drug kills off the initial large numbers of most susceptible organisms,
the patient experiences several days or a week or more of feeling
worse as the dead organism lyse and pass through
the gut until they are excreted/voided. Once the dead organisms clear
out, the patient feels better, resuming more normal daily activities,
coloring and appetite. A second, less severe, herx effect may be observed
subsequent to the follow-up doses that deal with the more resistant
to the liver.
for hetero, the standard color/pattern for which an animal carries
having external skeletons or shells, or none (e.g., insects, snails,
slugs, worms, crabs).
to the side, as in "lateral folds".
or prolonged lapses into unconsciousness
-lyse, lysing, -lysis) Lysis
is the destruction of a cell, through the rupture of the cell wall
by the contents of the cell or through some outside action. Hemolysis
(destruction of blood cells) can occur during the taking of a blood
sample (needle gauge too small; blood pressure high due to stress),
or when transferring collected blood too quickly from the collection
syringe to the processing tube. Hemolysis
can cause abnormal blood test results which must be taken into
consideration when evaluating certain high/low ranges.